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Chronological Analysis of the Scriptures- Literal interpretation of the scriptures led some people to conclude that the Earth was created approximately 6,000 years old.In fact, Archbishop Usher of Ireland calculated that the Earth was created at 9 AM on It was believed that prior to the Great Flood, Earths surface was flat and its climate was mild.This is because new sediments are always laid down on top of sediments that have already been deposited.So, when looking at the history of a cliff face, it is important to read the story it tells from the bottom layer up.
Relative dating by biostratigraphy is the preferred method in paleontology, and is in some respects more accurate (Stanley, 167–69).
Name: Radiocarbon dating Material used: Organic remains such as wood and seeds Age range: Younger than 60,000 years ago How it works: Measures the amount of radioactive carbon-14 in the organic remains of living things Name: Fission track dating Material used: Volcanic glass, zircon and other crystals Age range: 10,000 to 500 million years ago How it works: Measures radioactivity by counting tracks left in crystals by decaying uranium atoms Name: Optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) Material used: Wind-blown sediment with lots of quartz or feldspar mineral grains Age range: Younger than 100,000 years ago How it works: Measures radiation that the mineral receives after it has been buried away from light Name: Fossil correlation Material used: Fossils Age range: All ages How it works: Fossils found in an undated rock are matched to similar fossils found in rocks that have been dated in other places Layer 1: Mudstone – sediments laid down in deep water.
Fossils include the belemnite Belemnopsis aucklandica. Which dating method is best for rocks with fossils in?
Layer 2: Mudstone – sediments laid down in deep water. Which dating method is best for rocks with fossils in?
Layer 3: A thin layer of tephra – a rock made of the ash from a volcanic eruption.